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New World Foundation for Development and Human Rights A comprehensive report on the first round of elections.

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New World Foundation for Development and Human Rights A comprehensive report on the first round of elections.

Voter participation, the basic challenge of political parties and political forces in the run-off stage to restore the confidence of voters in the electoral process and democracy
Cairo Tuesday, November 30, 2010

He coalition observers Without Borders Foundation for a New World Development and Human Rights hoped the attention of parties and political forces, treating the problem of lack of the proportion of political participation by stage-off Sunday, December 5 and move seriously among voters to persuade them to go beyond the justification of violence and bullying that accompanied the first round of elections.

He also expressed hope for a coalition in the Supreme Commission for Elections play a bigger role in the face of departures from the rules in the conduct of polling and counting process and the law on political rights and work to restore voter confidence in their ability to organize and supervise the electoral process.
Political participation
• Monitoring the coalition observers Without Borders Foundation for a new world of development and human rights of six main reasons for the decline in the proportion of the political participation of voters in the first round of parliamentary elections despite the participation of 19 political parties and under about 4 million new voters schedules election since the last elections in 2005 and came in first place lack of voter confidence in the seriousness of the political process and the responsibility of the state and political parties by private major parties, and the confidence of voters in the expression of the election results for their choices of candidates, and came in second place non-voter confidence in the seriousness of the decisions of the Supreme Committee for Lantkhabat and respect the desire of candidates to contest the elections and the implementation of the provisions of the administrative judiciary and the Supreme Administrative, and in third place restrictions imposed by the security services on the committees which are being contested by candidates from the Brotherhood and dropped its grip on the committees which are being contested by candidates of national and independent, came in fourth place lack of candidates for political parties political unpopular high and poor choices of some of the major parties to candidates with a good reputation and came in fifth place with the spread of violence and bullying and shooting and wounding of voters and supporters of the candidates, and to prevent voters from entering polling stations and prevent delegates and agents of candidates to attend the currencies of the ballot and sorting and refusal to adopt their authorizations and in sixth place was the inaccuracy of the electoral rolls and the presence of the frequent mistakes and that negatively affected the turnout.
• Provision is also a coalition observers Without Borders said the turnout rate in the first round of elections ranged between 8% to 12% in urban areas of major cities and this percentage rose in slums and poor, between 2% to 4%, and turnout was between 30% to 40 % in the villages of Upper Egypt, and Delta Force because of the role of family and tribal feuds and to pay voters to go to the vote collectively.
• The monitoring coalition observers Without Borders that the lack of voter turnout in the cities is due to several reasons, and came in first place the absence of the role and clear to members of parliament in monitoring the performance of the government and legislation, and confined their activity to the few services for a number of voters, and the disappearance of the candidates After winning and not knowing the names of a high proportion of candidates, and are alarmed by the publicity in excess of the limit for some of them without knowing the sources of their money and believing them to the rumors, and came in second place control of the NDP candidates on the general election and a political activity of political parties in the cities and lack of opportunity in local council elections to represent the parties.
• Provision is also a coalition observers Without Borders that more negative practices which affect the voters in the first round of elections, which affect their decision to participate in the second round, including first place in blackening the cards and a card inside the boxes at the beginning of the ballot, followed by vote buying, and then harassed security and expel the representatives and agents of candidates to attend the voting and counting in the committees, followed by pressure on the voters the publicity given to candidates before the committee and then the collision between security and voters to compliment the NDP's candidates; followed to prevent supporters of opposition candidates and independent members and the Brotherhood of the exercise of their right to vote, and then fights between families and candidates to support the fight between supporters of candidates outside the stations.
Participation of Copts

Observers monitoring a coalition without the limits of strong indications for the attention of Christians to participate in the vote with a number of constituencies and increase in constituencies where one candidate and the Copts come circuits Shubra and Nasr City and Heliopolis and Maadi and Dokki dome and gardens in Cairo and Gerga and Minya and Fayoum, Hometown among more districts to participate and participation was Copts high in the governorates of Cairo and the Western and Dakahliya and Sohag and Fayoum and Assiut and Minya and interest aspect of the national electoral performance of the candidate and focused on candidates interested in issues of democracy, citizenship and the law of places of worship Moahud and Prevention Act of excellence and affected by the events of urban and non-Aguetallm calls Coptic organizations to boycott the elections and the reluctance of candidates for the churches in the election period and to encourage them to candidates interested in providing direct services to citizens and their desire to increase the number of candidates of Copts in the general election on lists of political parties, especially the national and the delegation .
Post Brotherhood

Monitoring coalition observers Without Borders by candidates of the Muslim Brotherhood of trying to woo voters before the hours of polling gifts and sweets and provide Msaat social and financial exploitation of weak presence of candidates of political parties during the elections, with the exception of the number of candidates from the Wafd Party and asylum Brotherhood candidates for the escalation of violence on polling day some departments to gain the sympathy of voters by the security services surveillance for them.
The role of security
Observers are not limited monitoring a clash between security forces and supporters of the candidates to attacks by security and only the supporters of candidates Balaatdaeali police force and detention of supporters of one of the candidates Menoufia 5 officers in the village of Shubra police bus and assaulted the Commission developed the high school and middle school in the village of Shubra bus Department Shebin, and assault on a police officer and queens, while the one police officers detained the President of the Court of Appeal Court of Cairo during discovery to support security for fraud within the Commission Badrasheen junior high school boys Six of October.
Media performance

• Monitoring the coalition observers Without Borders attention of a number of Egyptian newspapers daily role of civil society in monitoring the elections on polling day and the days preceding it and have devoted large areas of the reports of non-governmental organizations and irregularities and violations recorded by the voting process, and made the daily Al-Ahram evening and the newspaper of the Republic at the forefront of national newspapers, which focused on surveillance, followed by the national newspaper, and then Rose El Youssef Al-Ahram newspaper, and newspapers in the Independent newspaper made the sunrise at the front, followed by newspaper renaissance of Egypt in the second and then in the newspaper Al Masry Al Youm newspaper, ranked third, followed by the Constitution in fourth place, and in the newspapers were partisan Al-Wafd newspaper in the foreground and singled in a clear large areas in the heart of the inner pages of the reports of civil society organizations during the polling.
• Provision is also a coalition observers Without Borders high attention of a number of news sites elections and documented for its news and its dependence on sources of civil society organizations and came in the first site on the seventh day and site of Egypt today and then site News Egypt followed by portal-Ahram, followed by site Copts united.
• Monitoring and Observers Without Borders interest national newspapers and news sites on the first place reporters in the monitoring of violations and abuses than it is in the deployment of civil society reports on polling day, which refers to the attention of editorial policies of those newspapers to increase the role of journalists to monitor the election, similar to the role of civil organizations Almojtna national control.
Electoral phenomena

Observers monitoring a coalition without the borders of several phenomena, as a result of repeated complaints of election on polling day, including:
• Ansaralamrahin storming of the electoral commissions and the use of incendiary devices and gunshot wounds to the voters and the use of terror Cars thugs transfer between the committees.
• The use of factory workers, companies and staff of government departments in the crowd in front of committees and collective voting repeated.
• wide spread of mobile messages for fraud in the committees.
• increased electoral bribes and high price is a vote today in Nhaiep between 300 to 500 pounds.
• Do not allow the representatives of candidates during the transfer of funds accompanied by the screening committees.
• poor phosphoric ink and easily removable.
Quota of women

Observers monitoring a coalition without the limits of a quota for women candidates presented several problems on polling day was in the following
• the inability of the high percentage of filters quota of 380 candidate numbers of traffic on most committees of the broad community quotas.
• inability to provide the majority of the delegates to them within the national committees with the exception of filters.
• The filters do a great effort to educate voters to vote in a way that the quota for fear of invalidity is a vote
• The non-quota post filters in the process of rigging the ballot inside the women's committees.
• resort to a number of Women Voters of supporters of Muslim Brotherhood candidates to enter the women's committees and continue it for a long time to overcome the problems do not allow the presence of delegates about them
• departure of a large number of voters from voting when the increase in cases of violence outside the Committees
• complaints and the number of women candidates from political parties of the decline of the support of their fellow candidates on the main seats of the same political party on the ballot.
National surveillance

• Monitoring the coalition observers Without Borders occurs to prevent large monitors and lack of esteem the heads of public committees and sub-permits issued by the Supreme Commission for Elections and display monitors for the mishandling of the security services, and detention and the withdrawal of permits them, and physical abuse and psychological them in front of voters and candidates, and need to develop a national surveillance system for accurate observers deal with the competent authorities to organize the electoral process to overcome the administrative and security restrictions in the committees.
• Provision is also the coalition of all organizations, which monitored the elections to great efforts to overcome the difficulties encountered to carry out a national audit accorded the respect of the Egyptian public opinion and voters, expressing adherence to civil society, national control without the need for permits from the Supreme Commission for Elections.

The coalition monitors Unlimited New World Foundation for Development and Human Rights identified a number of recommendations to improve the climate of political participation include:
§ Adoption of the legal penalties dissuasive criminal penalties by law against the use of thuggery, violence and intimidation of voters.
§ make legislative amendments to increase the penalties for each of the proven involvement in electoral fraud and bribery and to prevent voters from voting.
§ civil society participation in the electoral purification tables and the continuation of registration tables throughout the year.
§ a legislative amendment codifies and defines the style and the way civil society monitoring of the elections and not left to the decisions and rules that determine the higher commissions for the elections, which are different in every election from its predecessor.
§ develop a training curriculum, Egypt's national control commensurate with international standards and conditions of Egyptian society and the continuation of training programs for observers throughout the world and not linked to general elections only and is extended to monitor all election workers and professional and student and to overcome the weakness of training programs for some Alemraguibin governorates border and level, which are limited to training for one day or two to inadequate in building a basic rule of observers for the hard work of oversight.
For more information, contact
Mohammed hegab  Coordinator coalition observers Without Borders
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